Cyclamen, he is dryakva, "pork bread" or "alpine violet" is a popular herbaceous perennial. "Kyklos" (cyclos) in Greek means "circle" - the root of this plant really resembles a circle. Cyclamen's homeland is Iran and the countries of central Europe, Asia, and the Mediterranean.
Cyclamen home has an attractive appearance. The heart-shaped leaves of dryak are located on long (20-30 cm) crimson-brown petioles and have a dark green color with silver-gray patterns. Unusual flowers of cyclamen have a whole palette of all shades from pale pink to maroon as well as white. Petals oval, slightly pointed upwards.
Depending on the variety, flowering takes place from the end of October to mid-April and lasts 2.5-3.5 months.
Cyclamen tubers have a flattened round shape, the diameter of which depends on the variety and age of the plant; he looks out of the earth a few millimeters. On the surface are the buds, from which subsequently grow leaves and flowers. After flowering, the tuber is completely bare, shedding leaves. It is important to know that the juice of a drywood bulb is poisonous and, upon contact with skin, causes irritation, redness and inflammation.
There is a huge variety of varieties of both homemade cyclamen and wild. In total there are about 50 species of "alpine violet".
It is considered to be the progenitor of all cyclamen, the other varieties are taken as hybrids. The plant has a spherical tuber with a diameter of up to 15 cm, a wide range of colors: the petals are red, pale pink, purple and white. Persian cyclamen blooms at the end of autumn and early spring. Rest period - May-June.
Beginners and even experienced growers who have come across alpine violet for the first time often wonder how to care for cyclamen at home. In fact, this plant is quite unpretentious, it is only important to create conditions for the cyclamen that are most similar to its natural habitat.
You should start by creating the ideal home lighting for cyclamen. This plant does not tolerate direct sunlight, and yet needs light. It is best to put dryakva in partial shade or a zone of diffused light. The western or eastern window is a great place to set up cyclamen there.
Home cyclamen does not tolerate transplantation, so the longer the plant is in one place, the more abundant and more often it blooms. Transplantation is done only for several reasons:
- plant closely, tuber filled the entire space;
- it is necessary to replace the soil with a new one;
- cyclamen is defeated by diseases; pests have started in the soil.
Without much need you shouldn’t “pull up” the dryakva from the already familiar environment. But if transplantation becomes necessary, it is important to do it extremely carefully and correctly.
There are two ways to multiply home cyclamen: by dividing a tuber or by seed. However, the reproduction of dryakva - not an easy task, you have to work hard. Thus, for example, the first problem may arise is the fact that many varieties are divided only by seeds, the production of which is achieved by patience, prudence and accuracy.
Depending on the breeding method, cyclamen is grown from seeds and from a tuber. Each type of transformation of a plant part into a full-fledged flower requires effort and special care.
When growing cyclamen from seeds, it is necessary to create a small greenhouse immediately after planting. Capacity with seedlings watered a little and cover with plastic wrap. The optimum temperature for growing dryakva from seeds is approximately + 20 ° C. It is important to regularly water and air the seedlings.
Some problems of growing cyclamen can make even experienced growers surprised. Each of them often lies in the wrong care.
If cyclamen fades, the leaves turn yellow. The problem of yellowing of leaves and wilting of homemade cyclamen can occur for several reasons: lack or lack of moisture in the soil or air, starvation, pest damage or lack of space. How to save cyclamen? It is necessary to transplant the plant in a large pot with completely renewed soil, to produce proper watering and complementary feeding, and also to make sure that all the conditions for caring for dryacre are met. Cyclamen also turns yellow after flowering, in which case it is considered normal.