In almost every home you can find a bright and pleasing to the eye with abundant green plants - chlorophytum. And it is not surprising, because it is one of the most unpretentious indoor plants: chlorophytum easily goes through periods of drought and abundant watering, excess or lack of sunlight. Such unpretentiousness makes home chlorophytum an ideal plant for beginners or forgetful gardeners.
The plant chlorophytum is very cheerful and pleasant to the eye. As a rule, it is a small bush of long green leaves, sometimes decorated with white stripes. During flowering, he produces long arrows, which bloom small white flowers and form "kids" - small bushes of new plants. Another type of chlorophytum with wide lanceolate leaves is also becoming popular.
Due to the long hanging leaves, chlorophytum can be grown as an ampelous plant.
This plant will be an excellent decoration of flower stands or slides, it will look good on a cupboard or shelf. It can also be hung on the wall or in the window opening.
Chlorophytum comes from the warm and humid tropical regions of America and Africa, and therefore is able to perfectly adapt to excessive humidity or difficult conditions. With age, the indoor plant chlorophytum can reach 50 cm in diameter and about the same in height. Arrows with flowers and young sprouts can reach 80-100 cm in length. In favorable conditions, chlorophytum can live for more than 10 years.
In nature, there are more than 200 species and varieties of chlorophytum. Domestic varieties, of course, much less. Chlorophytum crested (Chlorophytum comosum) and its various varieties are most popular with flower growers:
- green leaves;
- variegated, with a white stripe in the center (Chlorophytum comosum Vitatum);
- variegated, with stripes along the edges of the leaf (Chlorophytum comosum Variegatum);
- curly (Chlorophytum comosum bonnie).
This type is familiar to everyone from school — it is they who prefer to plant it in school classrooms and corridors. A distinctive feature of this type are long arrows with flowers and "kids".
Kapit Chlorophytum (Chlorophytum capense) is popular in home floriculture. Unlike the crested he does not release long arrows, and its leaves are larger and wider. Chlorophytum winged (Chlorophytum amaniense), also known as orange chlorophytum, is becoming increasingly popular. This species is completely different from the usual plants. It has long cuttings and broad lanceolate leaves.
The varieties of this species have a bright and unusual color: green leaves on orange cuttings. Such an original and catchy combination of colors fits well with the modern interior, making it unique.
Beginning gardeners are often worried about how to care for chlorophytum correctly. Chlorophytum is an extremely unpretentious plant, so care at home can be minimized, it will still grow. But if to create favorable conditions for him, chlorophytum will not hesitate to thank the abundant and bright greens, a cloud of white flowers and fresh air.
Chlorophytum comes from the hot and humid tropics, it is a moisture-loving flower. With abundant watering, it builds up a large amount of greenery, the leaves are elastic and bright. Water chlorophytum in the summer can be every two to three days. In winter, watering is reduced to once a week. It is important to ensure that there are no long periods of drying and flooding of the flower, as the roots suffer as a result, and the leaves turn brown at the tips and begin to dry out.
With sufficient watering, indoor chlorophytum is able to accumulate water in the roots and use it during periods of "drought", so its roots are large and fleshy. But with excessive watering, when even the abundance of greens does not cope with the task of evaporation of moisture, the roots can rot. In this case, the plant leaves turn yellow, the growing point rots and it dies.
Although growing chlorophytum is a fairly simple task, there may be some problems caused by inappropriate conditions, improper care, diseases or pests.
Chlorophytum leaves dry
If the tips of the leaves have darkened and dried up in the plant, this does not mean that the chlorophytum itself dries. For this plant, the dying off of old leaves is a natural process. Therefore, if the number of dry leaves is not too large, and only old leaves dry up, you can not worry about it.
The possible benefit and harm of a plant is one of the most important indicators that people pay attention to when choosing it. No harmful properties have been found in chlorophytum. Its only drawback is that cats love to gnaw at it, as a result of which the pots with this plant often end up on the floor. You should also protect it from children, as the hard edges of the leaves when swallowed can injure the mucous membranes of the esophagus.