In the field of modern construction there is the term "clinker", it consists of numerous materials, raw material for which is shale clay, prone to the extrusion method. Due to such processing, construction materials are given an excellent margin of strength characteristics, as well as increased resistance to temperature changes.
As already mentioned, all the clinker elements that are used for finishing are produced by extrusion. The process of extruded clinker molding is very similar to the method of making plastic profiles. Its meaning is as follows: slate clay is pressed through holes of a certain shape, and then cutting of tiles of the required format takes place. After the raw materials have given shape, make the product firing. This happens in a tunnel-type furnace with a length of about 150 meters at a temperature of about 1,300 degrees. Firing ends at the moment when full sintering occurs. A feature of the clinker tiles produced in such a technically complex way is the homogeneity of the structure: without inclusions, voids and cavities. The material becomes resistant to aggressive media, rapid temperature changes and abrasion.
Characteristics and advantages of clinker tiles
The clinker tile in comparison with the usual one has a number of excellent characteristics that make its use the most popular:
- Products from clinker have a high margin of strength characteristics.
- Have quite aesthetic appearance.
- Increased resistance to cycles of alternate freezing and thawing is provided by the degree of saturation of the clinker with moisture.
- The low ability to absorb water provides the tile with excellent resistance to the negative effects of frost, which makes it active in aggressive environments.
At the moment, a wide range of clinker materials is presented on the construction technology market. It is quite difficult to choose a clinker tile due to the many variations. But making a decision in favor of clay products will be the best choice. The most common types of clinker tiles are presented below.
Every year the facade decoration with clinker tiles is rapidly developing. In order to use the material for outdoor decoration, it is necessary to choose a material with a number of characteristics: wear resistance, frost resistance, moisture resistance. Such qualities have clinker tiles for the facade.
Brick tile under a brick
This type of material quite often finds application in modern construction. To use this type of clinker tiles under the brick, you should understand the advantages and disadvantages.
- unlimited service life
- aesthetics, especially important when implementing a decorative idea
- unlimited scope
The main and main disadvantage is the high cost.
Tile for porch and steps
Probably everyone saw buildings with exterior trim, where clinker tiles are used for the steps, as well as clinker tiles for the porch. Mainly the choice of this building material is associated with such advantages as:
- high frost resistance
- high wear resistance
- no slippery surface
- strength characteristics
Such products have no practical disadvantages.
Clinker materials for interior decoration
The use of clay products in the interior of the premises became popular quite recently, initially having priority in facade works. The clinker tiles for interior walls serve as an excellent design solution even in the decorative decoration of fireplaces in the apartment, and the variety of material of various colors makes it easier to choose.