Modern interior partitions look like light walls, through which the internal living space is divided into separate functional areas. In this aspect, it is customary to use not only stationary walls, but also mobile decorative partitions, screens or numerous sliding structures.
In particular, interior partitions help to distinguish between the hallway and the living room. Competently designed partition in the bedroom allows you to equip a mini-office, beauty zone or a complete dressing room. Another scenario is also in demand when the space of the bedroom, living room and office, localized with the use of sliding models, becomes one after the assembly of auxiliary elements. A striking example is the partitions in the studio apartment.
The design of products can be varied: there are diagonal and direct variations, continuous from floor to ceiling or ¾ of height, portable and fixed on the foundation. All of them are intended for the partition of premises and the delimitation of the usable area.
The basis of classification and types of interior partitions
Depending on the level of integrity and localization, the following types of products can be distinguished:
Transformable, in turn, are also divided into:
According to the base material it is customary to classify the partitions in the apartment into:
- stained glass;
In a separate category are entered products from the newest building materials - polystyrene foam formwork, facade panels.
Registration of stationary type partitions
They are the most durable and are walls that fully isolate adjacent rooms. Proper design is of great importance: there are many factors affecting the safety of operation. First of all, it is the shrinkage of the building: if the house is still new, it is necessary to leave a gap of at least 10 mm between the ceiling and the construction to be erected. Experts recommend to collect partitions for zoning the space in the room a couple of years after the complete precipitation of the structure.
The choice of materials in this case is almost limitless: designs on a frame, plywood, brick, drywall, aerated concrete blocks, cinder blocks, mirrors, stained glass, glass are in demand.
Brick as a building material for the construction of interior partitions attracts high strength, optimal level of soundproofing. The key disadvantage is a high intrinsic mass, the material can only be used on reinforced concrete floors, a brick base or a concrete base on a sand pad. This is a good option for kitchen and bathroom zoning, as it is suitable for high humidity conditions.
Interior partitions of foam blocks, cinder, opilkobetona have significantly less weight, they can be used for mounting structures on a lightweight plinth. If you carefully adhere to the technology of stacking blocks, it may form such a smooth surface that you will not need time-consuming pre-finish finish - enough grouting.
The width of the slab materials varies in the range of 20-120 cm, height - 40-300 cm. Typically, ceiling slats, fasteners, baseboards, corners are supplied as standard. Some categories of panels have originally formed decorative finish on the surface, for example, imitating wood, marble.
Stationary partition for zoning rooms in the Khrushchev can be made of non-removable polystyrene foam formwork. This is a white insulating material, saturated with pores of air bubbles, to work with such bulky construction accessories is quite simple. Expanded polystyrene allows you to implement intricate design projects, with its help you can draw a wall with shaped cutouts of any size. Expanded polystyrene blocks form the outer shell, inside the structure is subjected to reinforcement, it is filled with a mixture of cement, sand, expanded clay.
If there is a need for rapid production of false walls, you should use the front panels. Their outer surface can be made of wood, decorative plaster, brick, stone.
Original look forged partitions, serving as an openwork complement the interior of the room. To use them, several conditions must be met: the area and style of the room, the forging structure. The considered constructions are relevant only in a sufficiently spacious space with a predominance of air and light. To the room did not look rude and cluttered, it is better to stop the choice on elegant models with large through gaps.
Transforming variations: folding, sliding, acoustic sliding partitions
Such zoning partitions can be folding, rigid and soft, folding. Their main advantage is the possibility of mounting anywhere. Models are usually used between adjacent rooms - a dressing room and bedroom, dining room and kitchen, living room and hallway.
If you do not want to make local repairs in the apartment, you can use in this aspect wardrobes made to order; their depth can be set based on the parameters of the room.
Specificity of rolling performance
Retractable decorative partitions for zoning on the device are similar to the wardrobe doors: they move along guides from wall to wall or from wall to pillar. As a rule, models with 2-3 movable panels are enough. The advantages of their implementation are low cost and lack of dirty repairs. Depending on the place of fastening of the rollers, the product is divided into a support (moves on the floor) and a suspension (moving elements are on top).
Prefabricated panels are presented in a rich price range, they are diverse in design, design, installation features. Such frame partitions are based on rectangular aluminum or wooden frames, and veneer, red wood and laminate are used as finishes. If a metal frame is used, the products exhibit excellent durability and wear resistance, but plastic partitions, which are lighter and have an original design, are equally popular.
Retractable rulers can also be trimmed with fabrics, tempered glass, bamboo panels, mirrors, an array. Partitions are realized in the form of sets together with fasteners and guides.
Features of folding partitions
Folding variations are represented in the core market by soft or folded (rigid) structures. Soft sliding partitions are made in the form of draperies, moving in both or one side. The product can capture the entire width of the room, localize the corner or L-shaped, U-shaped zone. Nowadays such materials as plastic film, artificial leather are in trend, classical dense fabrics do not lose their relevance. Soft sliding partitions for the room are mounted on the ceiling, shifted along the eaves, with improvised guides.
Rigid options for sliding partitions - "accordions" - are relevant where frequent movement of the panels is not expected (according to user experience, the mechanism of fastening and movement is not very reliable). To make the canvas, MDF, PVC, chipboard boards can be used, veneer and melamine cladding is common.
Strips "accordions" are found deaf, glazed, having inserts made of genuine leather or its imitation, covered with cloth. Glazed models can have mirrored, colored, embossed, stained glass. Plastic lamellae coated with a polymer film with various decorative effects — combinations of colors and textures — have also become widespread.
The width of the "accordion" slats usually varies within 10-15 cm, the lamellae are interconnected by loops, cloth, flexible plastic (the latter option is very short-lived). The zones of the joints are covered with special slats, the design is assembled according to the principle of the mecha of accordion. The sliding mechanism resembles the usual eaves: each plank has a plastic movable element moving along a track fixed on the ceiling. If this element does not have a wheel, the partition moves unevenly, jerking.
The basis of the track lay a thin metal, the material is not intended to serve the heavy canvas. The best service option is to manufacture the structure to order in accordance with the parameters of the opening. Experts emphasize that with a total product width of more than 4 meters, the slats will not close normally, here it is better to provide a different type of false walls.
What are acoustic designs?
If you are redeveloping a room with a sloping or too high ceiling (for example, an attic), which has a rounded configuration, you should pay attention to the "deaf" interroom sliding partitions of acoustic type. Such constructions fill the space from floor to ceiling, they slide along the rails mounted above and below.
The movable mechanism is hidden inside the case. The telescopic component unites the panels in such a way that, in the closed state, the partition looks like a single unit. Thanks to the double scheme, the components are easily moved. Outside the product is sheathed with decorative panels. Features of execution allow to design round models (in particular, they are demanded for localization of a berth in one-room apartments).
The advantages of acoustic variations are enhanced soundproofing and fireproof properties. Magnetic stripes have enough power to tightly fix elements, and to unlock them, just turn the built-in handle.
Mobile partitions - a practical option for changeable people
Screens are ideal for zoning limited space. Thanks to the wealth of variations, they can be an elegant complement to the interior. Products can be of different heights, it is sold in an affordable price range.
At the base of most screens are collapsible partitions consisting of vertical sashes. The latter are united by loops, the so-called mobile docking is formed. Screens made according to the accordion principle are recognized as the most stable and practical: numerous support points are formed here that are evenly distributed in parallel planes. If the design of the product is such that additional supports are necessary, plates, decorated legs, rollers of various sizes can be used.
Screens are made from an extensive list of materials, it can be metal, glass, paper, wood, rattan, fabrics, bamboo. There are curved and flat sashes, models with light frames and beautiful inserts, as well as made of solid panels are common.
Such glass partitions, including those representing a stationary stained glass window, complement the interior in an original way if there is a low lamp or window behind them. Translucent material in the rays of light visually makes the room deeper, therefore such solutions are recommended to be installed in compact rooms that need to expand the visual space.
Single-section screens are very successful as an interior accent - behind them you can hide furniture and objects that do not fit into the style of the room. They can be a convenient support wall for climbing plants, an improvised shelving for a picture, which should be given special attention.
Low-section screens are assembled from narrow segments, such as metal tubes, wooden slats, bamboo trunks, combined with the help of through cords. Self-supporting construction can be rolled up into a compact roll and set aside until next use.
Design of gypsum plasterboard for residential premises
This is a universal material for redevelopment, with the following advantages:
- sheets can be given any shape, they are characterized by low weight;
- the creation of a frame and plating is possible even for people without building skills; as a result, a smooth arch and wall are formed;
- plasterboard partitions do not emit dangerous compounds into the air, there are fire-resistant and moisture-resistant variations that are optimal for the transformation of the kitchen.
Usually drywall partitions are made in the form of structures that are not equipped with a door. You can make a wall of any shape, often refurbish niches, shelves with decorative lighting. Zoning elements can additionally be used:
- to accommodate auxiliary light sources;
- for hanging TVs, paintings, miniature wall aquariums and florariums;
- for arrangement of wardrobe rooms and the built-in cases;
- to create shelves for books and decorative accessories.
Depending on the intended purpose of the structures, they are designed to the ceiling or slightly lower. The product can localize only a part of the room in order to isolate the functional zone, or to divide the space into parts, blocking the gap from wall to wall with an arch.
Often drywall is used to mask imperfections - technical columns and pipes. Such use is demanded at re-planning of a hall and kitchen.
Wooden partitions in the interior
Modern partitions made of wood are in demand where there is a need to create a cozy space with the involvement of the maximum number of natural materials. Proper processing of wood and subsequent full care will help protect the structure from moisture, fungi and insects.
When choosing a project should proceed from the area of the room. So, in an extensive country house will be appropriate to the partition of the array, occupying a third of the width of the room. In this case, the thickness of the structure depends on the style of the room. Plywood partitions are a lightweight version that needs a high-quality frame and a full-fledged decorative finish. Partitions made of particleboard are often used for zoning children's rooms - creating a barrier between the playground, the bed and the workplace, and arranging your own space for each child.
Acoustic models that have a standard straightforward design can be made in the form of a wooden lattice with translucent glass inserts. They close tightly, forming a corner isolated from the outside world — usually a bedroom. A variety of shelves - another embodiment of the walls of the material under consideration, they can be half the height of the room or up to the ceiling.
In the trend design, in appearance resembling the open horizontal blinds. In this case, the lamellas are made of thin plates of the same length and width, the metal partitions serve as an improvised vertical frame. Another original solution is vertical floor-to-ceiling panels, installed with an edge, that is, fixed by the narrowest side to users.
When it is necessary to separate a sleeping place from the living room, they use continuous sliding interior partitions made of wood. They can be assembled on the basis of the closet or have a telescopic mechanism that ensures tight closing. Here you can bring numerous folding variations that have a stationary version.
To create small walls that occupy no more than a third of the room, the rack-and-pinion assembly principle is adopted: the slats have a gap of half or a quarter of their own width, thus avoiding the effect of blocking a small living space.
What can be partitions from glass?
Classic versions are tempered glass partitions with a frame frame, if it is a sliding configuration. The stationary variations attract with their visual ease, they are beautiful,