Tradescantia garden - unpretentious herbaceous plant of the family Kommelinovye. The cultivation of lush shrubs with bright colors was done by the gardener of the King of England Charles І John Tradescant in the 17th century. In honor of him, the vegetation got its name.
Tradescantia garden perennial differs enviable duration of flowering from the second half of May until the onset of cold weather. The bush reaches half a meter in height, sprawling lanceolate leaves of saturated green color fall to the ground. Small buds fascinate with their tenderness and can be white, pink, blue, blue and even purple.
Tradescantia garden: planting and care
The shrub is suitable for growing as a separate plant, as well as in combination with other flowering plantations to create a landscape composition. The ideal place for its active growth will be a well-lit area, without strong winds and drafts.
In a warm and temperate climate for the winter, the plant can be left without shelter. In cold regions, where the air temperature drops significantly below 0 ° C, it is necessary to cover the roots with insulation (moss) and tightly cover with a film of polyethylene.
Not only the root system needs moisture, but also leaves. After sunset, it is necessary to wet them thoroughly with a spray bottle with rain or distilled water.
Cultivation and care of Tradescantia provide for the introduction of complex fertilizers in early spring at the rate of 25 grams per 1 m2. In the period of the appearance of buds, phosphate and potash supplements are introduced.
Shrubs can be propagated in three ways:
- division of rhizomes;
The ideal cutting is a young shoot with 3-4 points of growth. The rooted appendage from May-June will get stronger to cold weather and will safely survive the winter. Wet soil and content in the greenhouse at a temperature of 23-25 degrees with regular irrigation are necessary for rooting.
Basics of composition: suitable neighborhood
The shape of the bush and its pomp is determined by the landing site. In a dark windy place, shoots will lose stability, and the flowers will be dull. The optimal place for a shrub is light openwork partial shade. Here the foliage of the plant will be rich in green, and bright large flowers will delight the eye. Tradescantia garden can be tied to an artificial support. Its alternative will be well-chosen neighbors, creating a natural support.
Anemones, astilbe, swimsuits, hosts, astrans, brunners, marigolds, geyher, cuff, geranium, gravilata, melluna, variegated sedge can be planted next to the shrubbery. The plants will reliably support the garden tradescantia, and with their flowers and refined leaf shape they will create a harmonious composition and emphasize the virtues of each other.
It is not recommended to be planted next to a member of the Commelinic family of species that react poorly to excessive soil and air moisture.
The bush grows well in artificial ponds and streams. Increased humidity favorably affects the health of garden vegetation. She feels no less comfortable in various flower beds, stony gardens, flower beds, and naturalized garden corners.
Regardless of the sort of plant, its flowers are odorless and are good honey plants. A large number of multicolored butterflies enjoying the nectar of Tradescantia will be the highlight of the hacienda.
The shrub will perfectly fit into the company of geyhers, hosts, ferns and astilbe. In the composition it is important to take into account the length of the plants, tall and sprawling should not obscure the stunted compact. Tradescantia will occupy a worthy place in the shady mixborder, on the lower level (the most wetted part) of the alpine hill and the shadow of the fence.
To preserve the decorativeness of the bush will help pruning or nip its above-ground part. It is necessary to hold such events 1-2 times a year. It is extremely useful transplanting plants every 3-4 years.
High varieties of plants can be planted in the background, and miniature to bring forward. Dense planting of the shrub eliminates the need for equipment supports and strap garters. As a tapeworm, you can land a tall garden tradescantia, after a year or two it will acquire a hemispherical shape with smoothly falling shoots covered with small flowers.
The plant will be a great addition to an artificial reservoir. On the shore of the lake a lush bush will go into active growth with abundant flowering. With its appearance, it will complement the less aesthetic, but necessary for the optimal functioning of the pond plants.
Experimental attempts to plant tradescantia in shallow water (pebbles on top of geotextiles) gave positive results. The plant was in a favorable environment for itself, in partial shade with an abundance of moisture. Flowering occurred 2-4 weeks later in comparison with the coastal zone. Non-standard solution will give the landscape of the local area unique.
It is enough to create a nourishing soil, protection from the scorching sun and maintain moderate humidity. Then the shrub will delight long and abundant flowering from year to year.