In the Middle Ages, in the German city of Metlah, production of ceramic tiles of particular strength was established. It was made of refractory clay by firing at very high temperatures. Raw materials in its composition was similar to that used in the manufacture of porcelain. The use of pigments made it possible to manufacture products of various colors.
Traditions of production persisted over the centuries, and the most popular metlahskaya tile reached by the end of the XIX century. Then, with the development of factories and plants, large volumes of durable flooring were required - it was the products of their city Mettla that fully met the requirements.
Features of metlakh tiles
The use of refractory clay in the production process and high-temperature calcination at a temperature of about 1200 degrees provided the material with the following properties:
- high strength;
- frost resistance;
- resistance to sudden temperature changes;
- resistance to aggressive chemicals;
- acid resistance;
- water resistance.
The pigments used for coloring the top layer of the tile, during firing, are sintered with the main mass of the material, so that the surface does not fade, does not wipe, does not give in to mechanical impact.
The increased hardness, reliability and durability of this type of ceramics is combined with an affordable price. This makes Metlab tiles a popular solution when building on a limited budget.
Where are used metlahskaya tiles?
The practicality of metlakhskaya tile became the reason for its use in chemical laboratories. This is one of the few materials that can be used to finish floors and walls, surfaces of laboratory tables. Resistance to aggressive substances has made the slab tiles also the best choice as a floor covering for garages. It copes easily with loads, it is not difficult to remove engine oil stains from its surface. In addition, it is used metlahskaya tile in the interior:
- open terraces;
- swimming pools;
Tile is laid on the landing, facing the entrance groups and the basement of buildings and fences. Collections of modern manufacturers are so diverse in size, colors and shapes that they allow the use of metlakh tile in the most respectable houses when creating exclusive interiors.
The current state of production of metal tiles
Unfortunately, ceramic tiles won the consumer with their diversity and drove products from the city of Mettlach out of the market. Today, according to traditional technology, Metlakh tile is produced by just a few factories, the palm in terms of sales belongs to the French, who were able to reorient themselves in time and organize the production of products demanded by buyers all over the world.
In the assortment of the collection, tile formats are 5x15, 15x15 and 20x20 cm, complemented by square, hexagonal, octagonal and triangular elements of various sizes. Patterns, borders, panels, mosaic are produced - all this allows you to create luxurious "carpets" on the floor from the Metlakh tile.
It was along the path of creating ceramics carpets that the French masters went. They offer ready-made tile sets with a complex pattern in a wide range of colors. Such coverage is worthy of the most respectable mansions and offices. The price per square meter of such carpet made of metlakh tile can reach 500 euros, this is a truly exclusive covering with a unique color.
The manufacturer offers to use layouts that facilitate the creation of a complex floor covering. Thanks to this, skilled craftsmen quickly and efficiently lay out "carpets" of ceramics.
Choosing a tile
One of the characteristics of the tile is its division into classes. There are the following types of products:
- Class 1 - designed for indoor spaces that do not border the street. This tile can be laid in the kitchen and in the bathroom;
- Grade 2 - for premises with medium traffic, including those that border the street. Use in hospital wards, preschool institutions;
- Grade 3 - wear-resistant tiles, designed for corridors, open and closed terraces, public kitchens;
- Grade 4 - is used in areas with high traffic, including in public and commercial buildings. Can be used as flooring in garages.
Such a classification greatly facilitates the choice of customers and gives a guarantee of high quality used tiles.
The classical technology of installation of a floor tile is used. One of the main indicators of high quality coating is the proper preparation of the base. It should be durable, clean and even. Ideal geometry is of particular importance when working with a large number of additional elements. Large metlahskaya tile in the bathroom is able to hide some of the flaws in the floor, but in large open spaces you need to try with the preparation of the base.