The roofs of houses with an attic are not new in the construction market for a long time, but even today they are very popular. What is a penthouse? This is an attic-type room suitable for living; it is usually located right under the roof of the house. The roof in such houses is also unusual, it has the name "mansard", and its design takes place on a special project.
A bit of history
This plan mansard roofs and attics have been used for quite some time, from about the 17th century. The founders of such construction were masters from several European countries. In those days, the cities of Europe were developing at an accelerated pace, living in large houses, and just apartments were expensive and not affordable for many. This prompted the idea of creating such constructions by Francois Mansart, in his honor they bear their name to this day. Most often, such housing was used for poor guests.
In Russia, the fashion to build houses with an attic came in the 18th century, similar construction began in St. Petersburg. For a long time this type of housing was used by bohemians, poor students, and officials of small rank.
How does a project start?
The construction of a high-quality mansard roof makes it possible to almost completely replace the construction of an additional floor, which weighs heavily on the financial side of the issue. At the very beginning of construction it is important to create a competent roof project that reflects all the important issues.
What to consider? First of all, this is the amount of used space. Here, much will depend on the existing foundation and finishing materials. It is important to calculate everything to the smallest detail. Also consider possible precipitation and wind load.
The advantages of houses with attic
By creating a competent roof project with an attic, you can get additional living space in your house. Depending on your wishes, you can use an additional room for a children's playroom, a library, a study, or a room for sports. The design of the future premises, as well as its purpose, it is important to think in advance. Also, depending on the location and light, you can create a winter garden or a greenhouse. In addition, the main advantages of private homes with a loft include:
- Beautiful appearance of the overall construction.
- Additional living space.
Attic can be built on an existing house, thereby increasing its area.
The presence of additional rafters, high insulation, steam and waterproofing distinguishes from the usual roof of the house with an attic.
This is the easiest type of roofing. In the room there is only one full wall. It is recommended to tilt with an angle of 35 to 45 degrees. If you reduce the angle, problems may arise with the delay of snow, which will require additional work to strengthen the bearing piers. The main advantages of this type of roof are relatively inexpensive cost and ease of installation.
In practice, houses with a shed roof are built quite rarely. With the installation of shed roof an opportunity to install a small attic near the attic itself.
Gable roof with mansard
This type of roof allows you to create the maximum amount of usable space. When designing houses, this type is used most often. Looks like two stingrays looking in opposite directions.
Need or not? Many ask this question, but the answer is not straightforward. Of course, a beautiful view can be opened from the balcony, which can be enjoyed in the mornings and evenings with a cup of fragrant tea, but building a balcony under the attic is not cheap. And you need to think about it at the design stage.
It is usually customary to use the built-in balconies, but you can also consider the option of a suspended balcony. The modern market offers many varieties of dormer windows, they will allow to install a balcony inside the roof slope. Skylights of this type are made of two wings. Access to the balcony is provided at the same time they open, and airing is possible in one of their positions.
Selection of materials
The choice of materials depends largely on the project itself, and also on what type of roof will be made. Experts believe that for broken roofs it is best to use materials from wood, the design of the interior is as important as the beautiful appearance. Thus, the design itself will be more lightweight and at the same time reliable. For installation of the roof is used to use brackets.
Before installation, materials should be treated with an antiseptic, which will be a reliable protection from moisture, dampness and ensure the durability of the roof for many years. Making the interior trim, you can use wooden lining and even ordinary plywood.
Thermal insulation design
As a rule, the attic is an unheated room in the house, but at the same time there is the highest temperature, due to what is this achieved? Of course, due to the fact that the attic roof device is properly manufactured and insulated. Usually, if there is no heating system in this room, then it is used mainly in the warm season. In homes, the heating system should be, if you plan to stay in the winter cold season.
For roofs of private houses, you can use almost any material as a coating. The choice depends on the personal preferences of home owners, which are based on the overall design of the building, as well as the financial side of the issue, which is also of no small importance. So for single-storey houses with an attic a folded roof is perfect. On two-story houses will look great metal and corrugated. The natural (ceramic) or polymeric and sand tile will become the real decoration of any house.